SKI sebagai Alat Analisa dalam HI (Realisme)

By : Muhammad Choirul RosiqinInternational Relations Student @University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Realisme dalam HI

  • Dasar Pemikiran
  1. Thucydides: hubungan antar-negara ialah kompetisi yang tidak dapat dihindari

Thucydides (460–411 B.C.E.) saw politics as involving moral questions. Most importantly, he asks whether relations among states to which power is crucial can also be guided by the norms of justice. His History of the Peloponnesian War is in fact neither a work of political philosophy nor a sustained theory of international relations.
International relations realists emphasize the constraints imposed on politics by the nature of human beings, whom they consider egoistic, and by the absence of international government. Together these factors contribute to a conflict-based paradigm of international relations, in which the key actors are states, in which power and security become the main issues, and in which there is little place for morality. The set of premises concerning state actors, egoism, anarchy, power, security, and morality that define the realist tradition are all present in Thucydides.
a. Human nature is a starting point for classical political realism.
b. Realists, and especially today’s neorealists, consider the absence of government, literally anarchy, to be the primary determinant of international political outcomes.
c. Insofar as realists envision the world of states as anarchic, they likewise view security as a central issue.
d. Realists are generally skeptical about the relevance of morality to international politics.

2. Machiavelli: penguasa negara harus berupaya mempertahankan kepentingan negaranyaNoTrag_web

In chapter XV of The Prince, Machiavelli announces that in departing from the teachings of earlier thinkers, he seeks “the effectual truth of the matter rather than the imagined one.” The “effectual truth” is for him the only truth worth seeking. It represents the sum of the practical conditions that he believes are required to make both the individual and the country prosperous and strong.
Machiavellianism is a radical type of political realism that is applied to both domestic and international affairs. It is a doctrine which denies the relevance of morality in politics, and claims that all means (moral and immoral) are justified to achieve certain political ends.

Machiavelli justified immoral actions in politics, but never refused to admit that they are evil. He operated within the single framework of traditional morality. It became a specific task of his nineteenth-century followers to develop the doctrine of a double ethics: one public and one private, to push Machiavellian realism to even further extremes, and to apply it to international relations.

3. Hobbes: kondisi alami negara, dilemma keamanan

Thomas Hobbes (1588–1683) was part of an intellectual movement whose goal was to free the emerging modern science from the constraints of the classical and scholastic heritage. According to classical political philosophy, on which the idealist perspective is based, human beings can control their desires through reason and can work for the benefit of others, even at the expense of their own benefit. They are thus both rational and moral agents, capable of distinguishing between right and wrong, and of making moral choices.
One of the most widely known Hobbesian concepts is that of the anarchic state of nature, seen as entailing a state of war—and “such a war as is of every man against every man” (XII 8). He derives his notion of the state of war from his views of both human nature and the condition in which individuals exist. Since in the state of nature there is no government and everyone enjoys equal status, every individual has a right to everything; that is, there are no constraints on an individual’s behavior.

  • Realisme Klasik

H. J. Morgenthau: politik berakar dari sifat manusia yang selalu mementingkan diri sendiri

The keystone of Morgenthau’s realist theory is the concept of power or “of interest defined in terms of power,” which informs his second principle: the assumption that political leaders “think and act in terms of interest defined as power”

 

  • Realisme dan Keamanan Internasional => melihat bagaimana suatu negara berupaya untuk menghindarkan diri dari ancaman

Sehingga pada akhirnya melahirkan Konsep Deterrence, Defense, dan Kepentingan Nasional

Tulisan ini adalah sebuah review dari materi yang pernah disampaikan dalam kelas oleh dosen pengampu mata kuliah Studi Keamanan Internasional, Hafid Adim Pradana.

Read more: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/realism-intl-relations

 

 

Advertisements

About Muhammad Choirul Rosiqin

I was born in Eastern Probolinggo, East Java, in 1994. I'm student of International Relations @University of Muhammadiyah Malang
This entry was posted in Studi Keamanan Internasional. Bookmark the permalink.

9 Responses to SKI sebagai Alat Analisa dalam HI (Realisme)

  1. When someone writes an piece of writing he/she retains the image
    of a user in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of
    it. Thus that’s why this paragraph is amazing. Thanks!

    Like

  2. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all of us you actually realize what you are talking approximately!
    Bookmarked. Kindly additionally discuss with my site =). We will have a link exchange agreement among us

    Like

  3. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging
    on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
    It will always be useful to read through content from other authors
    and use a little something from other websites.

    Like

  4. Greetings from California! I’m bored at work so I decided to
    browse your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I love the info you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.

    I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone ..

    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, good site!

    Like

  5. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is just cool and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.

    Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please continue the
    rewarding work.

    Like

  6. This is my first time go to see at here and i am genuinely happy to read all at alone place.

    Like

  7. match.com says:

    What’s up to all, the contents present at this website are really awesome for people knowledge, well, keep up the nice work fellows.

    Like

  8. Everyone loves what you guys are usually up too. Such clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my personal blogroll.

    Like

  9. Hello, yeah this article is actually nice and I have learned lot of things from it
    about blogging. thanks.

    Like

Hey hey! What have you got to say?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s